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Bahujan women oppose ‘progressive Manuvad’

Heeding the much-publicized “Nagpur Chalo” call, thousands of women converged on the city on 10 March for a convention. An exchange that took place at the convention is proof of how caste is a hurdle in the unity of women. Manisha Bangar gives an eyewitness account

The year 2017 marked 75 years of the convention of women organized by Dr Ambedkar under the aegis of the Scheduled Castes Federation. To commemorate it, the All-India Mahila Parishad met on 10 March – the 120th death anniversary of Savitribai Phule – in Nagpur. I was also among the 4,000 women from different parts of the country who attended the convention.

Vimla Thorat, editor, ‘Dalit Asmita’, addresses the participants

Abhinaya Kamble, Smita Kamble and other representatives of women’s organizations from different states shared their views. Chayatai Khobragade and her team of activists were the moving spirit behind the success of the event.

The brahmanical and capitalist forces are trying to divide women on the basis of caste, language and region to perpetuate their dominance. This has made life difficult for women. The Constitution guarantees equality for all but its implementation is in the hands of brahmanical elements. They are against the Constitution and human values. This is their tradition. If the women have had to endure domestic violence and rapes, it is because of the brahmanical mindset. The Bahujan women have been enslaved for ages. Being ignorant, they cannot differentiate between their friends and their foes. I was under the impression one of the objectives of the convention was to make the savarna women aware of the slavery of the Dalit women. Women from minority, Adivasi and OBC communities were joined by members of the third gender and sex workers in recounting exploitation by the system.

Children pose for photos holding aloft placards made for the function

What shocked me was the attempt by Brahmin communist women to justify and even glorify the traditional profession of prostitution. Ambedkarite women vociferously opposed it.

Women representatives of many NGOs participated in the convention. Some Brahmin women had also managed to wriggle in. They supported prostitution. They said they did not consider it exploitation. Abhinaya Kamble, Smita Kamble and Chayatai Khobragade and I protested.

Dr Manisha Bangar speaks at the convention

Abhinaya Kamble said that Babasaheb had appealed to the prostitutes of Kamathipura, Bombay, to quit their profession. “Shame on those who are glorifying prostitution”, she said.

I too voiced my protest: “These Brahmin women are stigmatizing SC, ST, OBC and minority community women. This is their mindset. This profession is unconstitutional. It is our duty to stop it. We will stiffly oppose women who have such a mindset and ideas. They will hurt our movement.”

There was an attempt to glorify sex work, which the Bahujan women opposed

Prostitution is casteist oppression first, gender oppression next. Most of the women in the profession are Dalits and OBCs who have been forced into it. There are Muslim, Sikh and Dalit Sikh women too. They are pushed into this profession talking advantage of their poverty. They are deprived of health facilities, education and even food. Most of them are abducted. What was painful was that the savarna women attending the meet, who were communists, were demanding that this profession be given the status of a formal job. They were saying that Brahmin women are also in the profession. This is rubbish. The Constitution guarantees dignified job to everyone and the state is responsible for doing that. It should fulfil its responsibility. In India, it is next to impossible to quit this profession. If it is so easy, why women are not quitting it? In Patna, some women wanted to quit but they had no option. They are in this profession from one generation to the next.

Women from all over the country attended the convention

The savarna women were defending an economy built around a very pernicious system. It is like you continue to deploy people for manual scavenging or skinning dead animals and call for a better system for them. They should continue to do unclean job under a “good system”. This was what Gandhi said and this is what Modi is saying – that these persons should become good scavengers. These women are saying the same thing. They say that the prostitutes should become good sex workers. They have to run their NGOs. They have to mint money. That is why they are lying. If this is such a nice profession, why don’t Brahmin women join it? Let them bring a Brahmin prostitute and I will honour them on a road square. When the savarna communist women were speaking, we opposed them. We said that Ambedkar had asked them not to continue in the profession. He had said that the state is responsible for making alternative arrangements for them. I am happy that savarna women were exposed here. Bahujan women will remain cautious of them.      

This incident was an eye-opener to me. I felt let down. I felt that it is due to such elements, that women are not able to rise above the considerations of caste and forge a joint front.

Forward Press also publishes books on Bahujan issues. Forward Press Books sheds light on the widespread problems as well as the finer aspects of Bahujan (Dalit, OBC, Adivasi, Nomadic, Pasmanda) society, literature, culture and politics. Contact us for a list of FP Books’ titles and to order. Mobile: +919968527911, Email: info@forwardmagazine.in)

About The Author


Dr Manisha Bangar is national vice-president, BAMCEF. A practising medical doctor, Bangar is also an associate professor of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the Deccan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad. Over the past decade, she has been invited to speak at universities, human rights and Phule-Ambedkarite organizations in India and abroad, and the UN on topics ranging from gender equality, health and education to caste and Phule, Periyar and Ambedkar.

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