More OBCs than SCs or STs among IIT, IIM dropouts

Official figures show that almost 25 per cent of the OBC students drop out of these premier institutions  

A large number of students are dropping out of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). According to official figures, OBCs form the biggest chunk of the dropouts. Contrary to the popular perception, more OBC students drop out than SCs and STs.

Answering a question of YSR Congress MP V. Vijayasai Reddy, Union Minister for Human Resource Development Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank told the Rajya Sabha on 25 July 2019 that over the past two years, 2,461 students quit the IITs midway through their courses. Of them, 1,290 were from the general category while 1,171 were from the reserved categories. Among the reserved categories dropouts, 601 were OBCs while 371 and 199 were SCs and STs, respectively. Thus, 52.4 per cent of the dropouts were from the general category, 24.42 per cent were OBCs, 15.07 per cent were SCs, and 8.08 per cent were STs.

No of IIT dropouts:

SrIIT    Total   SCSTOBC% of OBCs
 Total246137119960124.42
1Bombay26337126625.09
2Delhi7821118416120.58
3Kanpur1 901856132.10
4Madras1281463829.68
5Kharagpur6221206314022.5
6Guwahati1235216.6
7Roorkee571453866.6
8BHU (Benaras)70000
9Hyderabad85842529.4
10Patna92822527.17
11Jodhpur2130733.33
12Bhubaneswar3982923.07
13Gandhinagar421125
14Indore5063816
15Ropar3484823.5
16Mandi3430617.6
17Tirupati1863316.6
18Palakkad21000
19Bhilai50000
20Jammu60000
21Goa00000
22Dharwad1001100
23IESM, Dhanbad910222.2

The highest number of students (782) dropped out of IIT Delhi, followed by IIT Kharagpur (622) and IIT Bombay (263). The government said that most of the students who quit midway were enrolled in postgraduate and doctorate courses.

Even the government admits that depression on the rise among students of top institutions like the IITs

Besides the IITs, the IIMs also have had a large number of dropouts. A total of 99 students quit the IIMs this academic session without completing their course. Here too, the OBC students top the list. Of the dropouts, 37 were from the general category and 62 from the reserved category, including 27 OBCs, 14 SCs and 21 STs. In terms of percentage, 37.37 per cent of the dropouts were from the general category, while 27.27 per cent were OBCs, 14.14 per cent were SCs and 21.21 per cent STs.

No of IIM dropouts

SrIIM     TotalSC  ST  OBC
1Ahmedabad3101
2Bangalore2011
3Kozhikode12223
4Lucknow9061
5Indore17243
6Calcutta5121
Shillong0000
8Rohtak0000
9Raipur5100
10Ranchi `0000
11Udaipur0000
12Tiruchirappalli12313
13Kashipur130211
14Amritsar2100
15Nagpur3010
16Sirmaur0000
17Sambalpur0000
18Vishakhapatnam4110
19Bodhgaya4010
20Jammu8203
Total99142127

It is well known that the students of the reserved categories get admission in these premier institutions against all the odds. Then, what compels them to leave their studies mid-way?

Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank

The government has no answer to this question. In this reply, Union HRD Minister Pokhriyal cited many reasons for the students dropping out, including transfer to other colleges/institutions, medical conditions, placement while pursuing postgraduate courses, admission to courses in foreign universities and personal reasons.

 The fact is that the students studying in these premier institutions fear failure. The OBC students enrolled in IITs and IIMs suffer more from an inferiority complex than general-category students. There have also been complaints of misbehaviour. While general-category students quit studies as they get good placements or due to family reasons, such as taking over family businesses, in the case of reserved-category students, the reasons are more to do with lack of opportunities and mental torture.

Ali Hasnain, an IIT alumnus, says that while media reports talk about IIT graduates getting annual packages of Rs 1 crore or Rs 2 crore, the fact is that the average student struggles to get even jobs that pay them around Rs 8-10 lakh per annum. A recent report said that around 15 to 20 per cent of the IIT students do not get jobs in campus placements. Most of them are from the reserved categories.

Translation: Amrish Herdenia; copy-editing: Anil


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The Common Man Speaks Out

Jati ke Prashn Par Kabir

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